The War of 1812: Fortress Prince Edward Island
Begin this lesson by showing the following media clips. They will give the students an understanding of the beginnings of the War of 1812:
Americans and British Face off in War 1812: http://www.history.com/topics/war-of-1812/videos#americans-and-british-face-off-in-war-of-1812
The battle of Fort George:
(There were a number of forts built by both the British and the Americans before and during the War of 1812. The purpose of these constructions was to act as defences and fortified bases. They protected the colonists, property and served to ensure the sovereignty of the nation. Initially wooden stockades were erected, surrounded in some cases by ditches. Later many wooden structures were replaced by more permanent stone structures. As time moved on, the forts continued to protect the economic and military travel routes connecting the new towns. Many forts served as centres for economic development. Manpower, organization and the use of natural landscape features enabled both sides to build forts that would play a role in the War of 1812. The construction of a particular fort depended greatly on the needs or purposes for which it was built, as well as finding an appropriate site and the materials available at the time and place of construction.)
Begin a Fortress PEI “K-W-L” chart on forts.
(A K-W-L chart features three categories: Know — what students think they already know about forts; Want to learn/know — what students would like to learn about forts; Learned — what students learn about forts through the course of the lesson.)
Discuss what the concepts of ‘site’ and ‘situation’ mean and how they relate to building a fort on Prince Edward Island during the period of 1812.
Divide students into small groups and instruct them to go to the Canadian Atlas Online War of 1812 theme and to read the various themes and information presented for background information.
Distribute the student activity sheet Forts During the War of 1812 and Web Links to research 5 forts on the internet and generate a description and a list of items that the students want to include in Fortress PEI.
Distribute several sheets of graph paper and the Fortress PEI Footprint Assignment.
As a class, review and discuss plans for Fortress PEI.
Watch the multimedia clips.
Locate and review the information found in the Canadian Atlas Online War of 1812 theme.
Complete the internet research.
Complete the Fortress PEI Footprint Assignment.
Discuss plans for Fortress PEI.
- Create a list of “Ten Things Every Fort Should Have”.
- Build a model of their fort.
- Locate the forts of the War of 1812 and map them on a blank map of North America. Locate and label the names of the forts, major water features and cities. Include a legend. Use blue for the Americans and red for the British.
- Write a letter to someone in Great Britain about what life would be like living in one of these forts during the War of 1812.
Grades 7-9 (middle school)
Two to three one hour classes, plus extension lessons if desired.
In this lesson, student groups investigate different forts from the War of 1812. They will design a fort to be built on a site on Prince Edward Island. From their research they will generate a description and a list of features that the students may want to include in ‘Fortress PEI’. Through online research and teacher directed activities, small groups of students will create a ‘blueprint’ (footprint) of their group’s fort. The students compare and contrast their forts with one another,
Prince Edward Island — Atlantic Provinces Curriculum for Social Studies: Council of Atlantic Ministers of Education and Training (CAMET): Prince Edward Island