The 104th (New Brunswick) Regiment of Foot

In this lesson, students will examine the historical impact of the War of 1812 on New Brunswick.  They will  investigate how the 104th (New Brunswick) Regiment of Foot contributed to the war.  They will identify geographical locations where the regiment fought as well as hardships they encountered. Knowledge of battle engagements and the daily life of these men should reinforce empathy for “real” people. This will also  lead to an understanding of the war’s impact on New Brunswick.

Teacher

Introduction

Lesson Preparation:

Become familiar with the websites listed in the Additional Resources section of the lesson plan.

Lesson:

Ask students,

“What causes different groups of people to become angry with each other?”.

Have students acknowledge that their answers can also be applied also to nations and that anger could lead to war.

Ask: “What might happen if there is a third group caught in the middle of a conflict and they are forced to take sides?”

Explain that this was what happened to the First Nations population during the War of 1812.

Introduce the War of 1812 by showing Rick Mercer’s Report: Rick and the War of 1812.

Discuss:

What are some of the geographical challenges that 19th century soldiers had to overcome in this war?

Do you think modern-day soldiers face similar geographical challenges? How do they react to these challenges?

Lesson Development

Provide an outline of the causes of the War of 1812 using a computer and LCD projector, the internet or printed copies. (Websites listed in the Additional Resources section of this lesson plan might help.)

Distribute Worksheet #1: Causes and Outcomes of the War of 1812.  Ask students to conduct research about the causes of the war from opposing sides and viewpoints using the websites provided in the Additional Resources section of the lesson plan.

Distribute Worksheet #2: 104th (New Brunswick) Regiment of Foot and War of 1812.  Review the instructions with students and assist with the maps as required.

Discuss the influence of geography during the war after students have completed the mapping activity.

Distribute Worksheet # 3: Defending Saint John. Direct students to complete the activity using the Parks Canada website on Carleton Martello Tower National Historic Site.

Discuss the answers with students in a class discussion.

Distribute Worksheet 4:The Battle of Lundy`s Lane. Ask students to complete the activity.  Discuss issues including the impact of the environment on soldiers engaged in battle at this site. Point out that the picture is an artistic rendering of events.  Did the artist take liberties with historical facts?

Conclusion

Initiate a final discussion on the topic of the impact of the War of 1812 on the people of New Brunswick.

Student

Introduction

Discuss in class (as a whole or in small groups) the topic of anger and how it leads to conflicts.

This information is the starting point for the lesson.

Discuss factors that might make a third party fight in a conflict.

Discuss the challenges faced by 19th century soldiers as compared to 21st century soldiers.

Lesson Development

View the information provided about the causes and outcomes of the War of 1812.

Complete Worksheet #1: Causes and Outcomes of the War of 1812.

Complete Worksheet #2: 104th (New Brunswick) Regiment of Foot and War of 1812.

Participate in the class discussion.

Complete Worksheet # 3: Defending Saint John.

Participate in the class discussion.

Worksheet 4:The Battle of Lundy`s Lane. Discuss the answers in class.

Conclusion

Participate in the final class discussion.

Lesson Extension

  • Research New Brunswick’s “privateers” in War of 1812. Use a variety of presentation methods to display the research findings. (Visit Canadian Privateershttp://www.1812privateers.org/Ca/canada.htm)
  • Research and write an essay on other battles in which the 104th (New Brunswick) Regiment of Foot was involved.